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Alexander Suvorov. Biography of the Commander

Alexander Vasilievich Suvorov was born on November 13 (24), 1729/30 in Moscow, in the family of the Ensign of the Life Guards of the Preobrazhensky Regiment Vasily Ivanovich Suvorov. His grandfather, Ivan Grigorievich, was the general clerk of the Preobrazhensky order, who was in charge of political investigations. Suvorov’s father, Vasili Ivanovich Suvorov (1708-1775), started his military service as a batman of Peter the Great, later held prosecutorial posts, took an active part in the 1762 overturn, was highly trusted by Catherine the II, and rose to the rank of general-anshef. History lacks the precise information about the year of A.V. Suvorov's birth. Some historians adhere to the 1730, others consider the 1729 more correct on the basis of a number of documents.

Suvorov was married to the Princess Varvara Ivanovna Prozorovskaya (1750-1806) and had two children: a daughter Natalia (1775-1844), who he affectionately called "Suvorochka" whose married title was Countess Zubova, and a son Arkady (1784-1811) - Lieutenant-General who tragically died during the crossing of the Rimnik river.

Alexander Vasilievich Suvorov possessed the titles of: the Rymnikovsky Count, Italian Prince, Count of the Holy Roman Empire, Prince and "Cousin" of the King of Sardinia and Piedmont. He was a knight of the many Russian and foreign orders (Prussian Black Eagle and Red Eagle, Sardinian Holy Annunciation and St. Mauritius and Lazarus, Austrian Maria Theresa’s, the Bavarian St. Hubert, and the French St. Catherine the Virgin).

In 1742 Alexander Vasilyevich was filed as a Private in the Life Guards Regiment of Semenov, but he studied sciences at home until 1748 after which, as a corporal, he began active service in the regiment. In 1754 he was released into the army with the rank of lieutenant; participated in the Seven Years' War.

In 1762 Suvorov was promoted to the colonel and until 1768 commanded the Suzdal Infantry Regiment, developed the famous "Regimental Institution." In 1769-1772 he participated in the war with the Polish Confederates (victories at Orekhovo, Landskrona, Stolovichi), in 1770 was promoted to Major-General. During the 1773-1774 years, under the command of P. A. Rumyantseva, Suvorov participated in the First Russo-Turkish War (victories under Turtukay and Kozludzhi). In 1774 he was promoted to the lieutenant general, took part in the capture of Emelian Pugachev in the Volga region. From 1776 to 1779 he commanded the Russian troops in the Crimea and the Kuban, ensuring the accession of these lands to Russia, in 1780-1781 he did the same in Astrakhan. From 1782 to 1784 commanded the Kuban corps, suppressed the Nogai uprising. In 1786 he was promoted to the general-anshef, participated in the Second Russian-Turkish War of 1787-1791 (victory at Focsani, Rymnik, capture of Ishmael). In 1792-1793 he commanded the troops in Finland, then in 1793 -1794, in Ekaterinoslav province and Tauride region. Participated in the Polish war of 1794 (victory at Brest and the capture of Warsaw), promoted to the general-field marshal. In 1795 Suvorov commanded the army in Poland, in 1796-1797 in Ukraine where he completed his military theoretical work, which was later named the "Science to Win." Due to the divergence of views on the army reform, Suvorov and Pavel the I entered into a conflict, and until 1799 Suvorov was in exile in his Konchanskoe Novgorod Province estate. In 1799, under Suvorov’s leadership, the allied Russian-Austrian army liberated Italy from the troops of Republican France (victories at Adda, Trebbia, Novi), with the Russian army made the Swiss campaign trip (capture of St. Gothard, Chertov Bridge, victory at the Muttental). On October 28, 1799, Emperor Pavel the I elevated Suvorov to the rank of the Russian Generalissimo. Returning from the campaign, Suvorov fell seriously ill and died in St. Petersburg on May 6 (18), 1800 in the apartment of his relative Count D.I. Khvostov. Today this apartment is located in the house numbered 23 on the embankment of the Kryukov Canal. Suvorov was buried in the Blagoveshchenskaya burial vault of the Alexander-Nevsky Lavra.

Suvorov Commandments

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